Geography Section Of GED Social Studies
Apart from other different unit courses, geography is also a unit that is found in the GED social studies course. A student doing GED is introduced to a number of topics in geography to have a general view of the unit in question. One of the introductory topics in this unit introduces the learner to the real meaning of geography and highlights the relationship between the environment and the people who live in it. These topics are divided into two main distinct areas namely: physical geography and cultural geography. Physical geography specifically deals with the physical environment which includes plants and animals, landforms, water bodies, weather conditions and many more. On the other hand, cultural geography concerns itself with people and their cultural practices which are borne out of their knowledge, skills, and activities.
Geography concerns itself with the various places, regions and physical systems that are found on the earth’s surface. This covers aspects such as the weather, climate, plants and animals. Here, a distinction is made between the concepts of weather and climate. Weather can be seen as the different factors such as snow, rain fog etc while climate represents a region or regions with the same weather pattern such as warm tropical climates that are found at the equator. The relationships between the Land and water masses is also covered. A complete review of all the major water bodies is given including the land masses found on the earth. The influence of climatic regions on plants and animals is also featured. Most plants and animals are found in places where the climatic conditions are suitable for their development. For instance, heavy vegetations are usually found in warm temperate climate while large forests can be found where there is heavy rainfall. The influence of human activity on the environment is also emphasized.
The unit also touches on the major cultural regions that are found in the world. These regions include Latin America, America and Canada, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, North Africa and the Middle East, Sub Saharan Africa, South Asia, Southeast Asia, and East Asia, South Pacific and Australia. These regions not only represent a people with similar cultural practices but also those that live in a specific geographical location. These are people who are exposed to similar physical features and conditions. Although sometimes the landforms and climate in these regions might be different, they are, nonetheless, placed in the same cultural region.